Uterine (Endometrial) Cancer

Endometrial cancer is sometimes called uterine cancer. Other types of cancer can form in the uterus, including uterine sarcoma, but they are much less common than endometrial cancer.

The most common sign of endometrial cancer is unusual vaginal bleeding. The most common risk factor for uterine cancer is obesity. It is important to know the difference between uterine cancer and cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is typically found on a pap test and is primarily due to the HPV virus (Human Papilloma Virus). Cervical cancer is not due to inherited risks and is often seen in young women.

Risk factors for inherited uterine cancer include:

  • Uterine cancer at an early age (younger than 50)
  • Uterine cancer and another cancer, such as breast, colon, ovarian, stomach or bile duct
  • Family history of early onset colon or other uterine cancers
  • Family history of early onset breast and/or thyroid cancers

Sometimes uterine/endometrial cancers cluster together in families. If you have a strong family history of endometrial cancer or even colorectal or ovarian cancer, you should ask your doctor about cancer risk assessment.

Lynch

We do not inherit cancer – we can inherit an increased risk for cancer.